Saturday, August 27, 2016

Duterte's Policy Gained Global Weights for Confronting Washington, UN's Inaction of Syria's Bombing and Killings of Children

In Duterte, superpowers confront a new kind of leader

Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte is thriving on controversy at the moment because those with whom he picks his fights are more controversial than he is. His chief recent targets have been the United States, whose century of colonial rule over the Philippines was marked by blood and violence, and the United Nations, where the US and other superpowers hold sway. Duterte, democratically elected on June 30, has lashed out at them both, and his people love it.

His threat to withdraw the country from the UN and perhaps spearhead the formation of a new global organization has sent other top Philippines officials scrambling to deny there is any such intention. His verbal attack on an American ambassador might be seen as hitting below the belt, but it drew an intense international spotlight that will likely be the first of many.

At home, Duterte’s anti-corruption drive promises to result in multiple high-profile sackings and his anti-crime campaign many more dead bodies. But it’s his tough stand against Western interference that’s drawing the most attention, and a key question that’s arisen is whether the likes of Duterte will soon be the rule rather than the exception among national leaders around the world.

He has scored points in assailing America, for example, because of the very evident fact that it is in no position to be preaching about principles to any other nation. Duterte is certainly not the only leader of a smaller country to feel that way, but he is currently atop the crest of defiance. Whether Washington realizes that a trend has begun or not is another question.

Independence struggles against US adventurism overseas and against shackles imposed by the US congress and American financiers have left countless dead and have crippled economies. Quite justifiably, Duterte doesn’t want the US preaching to his country.

On the United Nations, again he might have overreacted. But again his words only reflect this bitterness over the UN turning a blind eye to the superpowers’ deplorable actions overseas. In Duterte’s perspective, drug-related crime has ravaged his homeland and his duly elected government should be allowed to handle the problem as it sees fit. Importantly, he surely believes, the Philippines is dealing with its own issues and is not causing trouble for anyone else. It’s not as though it’s invading foreign lands with armed troops or government-sanctioned computer hackers.

At the heart of this tumult is Duterte’s war on drugs, in which security forces have summarily executed 600 alleged traffickers since early last month. The government’s justifications – that death is the best deterrent and that Duterte was elected, after all, with this policy in his campaign platform – have horrified right activists and is now coming up against local dissent as well. It was a formal statement by the UN condemning the policy that triggered his furious reaction this week.

If the UN had been in any way effective in curbing the rights abuses of its superpower members, perhaps its criticism of the Philippines would carry weight. Instead it plays the role of a mother crab telling its offspring to walk straight. For all the controversy he courts, Duterte is speaking on the behalf of many other leaders of smaller nations.

Filipinos will decide whether they want to abide by Duterte and his policies. They are not unfamiliar with colorful political language and are aware that it takes more than linguistic bluntness to rule the country. The targets of Duterte’s outbursts, on the other hand, must ponder the reasons why their show of concern has met with such a contemptuous response.  - Inquirer

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

34Kg World Biggest Pearl Found in the Philippines - The True Pearl of the Orient

34Kg World Biggest Pearl Found in the Philippines. Photo: AILEEN CYNTHIA AMURAO/SWNS.COM

34kg pearl found in Philippines 'is world's biggest'

Philippine officials believe they may have recovered the biggest natural giant clam pearl in the world - weighing a whopping 34kg (5.2 stone).

The pearl was found 10 years ago by a fisherman who was unaware of its value and kept it as a good luck charm, Palawan official Aileen Amurao said.

"We were amazed when he brought it to us," she told local media.

Officials are awaiting confirmation from gemologists that the find is indeed the world's largest pearl.

The pearl is 61cm (2ft) wide and 30cm long and, if confirmed, will easily beat the current record holder, the Pearl of Lao Tzu, which weighs 6.4kg. – BBC News

Giant clams can weigh up to 400kg. Image: GETTY IMAGES

Investors in the Philippines Triple its Expansion- High Trust on Duterte Leadership and Economic Policy

A view of residential condominium buildings at a residential neighbourhood in Mandaluyong, Manila, Philippines. Photo: Reuters

Beyond war on drugs, Philippines' Duterte seen setting up economic boom

Beneath Duterte's acidic remarks, an active communist insurgency and separatist rebellions, a new economic success story is being told

Less than two months in office, Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte is getting high marks from the business community for policies that could engineer an economic surge and companies say they are making new investments as a result.

While Duterte may be getting headlines for a bloody war against drug dealers and users, less attention has been paid to one of Asia’s few economic success stories.

The groundwork was laid by Duterte's predecessor, President Benigno Aquino, who took growth above 6 percent over his six-year term , but executives are also cheering the new administration’s focus on building new infrastructure and say it could spell the start of a long-term boom. Some even see Duterte's violent and highly controversial anti-drugs campaign as potentially positive.

"We are in a very good spot," said Antonio Moncupa Jr., president and CEO of East-West Banking Corp, one of the top 10 lenders in the country. "The pronouncement of government prioritizing infrastructure spending, accelerating it and cutting red tape, solving peace and order, I think all point to very good prospects ahead."

Last week, the government announced that the Philippines’ economy grew at 7 percent in the second quarter from a year earlier, its highest level in three years. It makes the Philippines the fastest growing among all countries that have reported so far for the second quarter.

When Duterte won the May presidential election, there were questions marks over how he would handle the economy – Duterte, who is nicknamed "the Punisher", has been unapologetic over unleashing the police on drug users and dealers.  Philippine National Police Chief Ronald Dela Rosa said on Monday that there have been 1,800 drug-related deaths since Duterte took over as president, with 712 of those at the hands of the police.

The new president has launched a crackdown on online gambling, vowed to destroy oligarchs, warned that the country could live without a mining industry if environmental standards were not met and called the U.S. ambassador a "gay son of a whore".

But Duterte has a 91 percent approval rating in the latest public survey and businesses are lining up to announce expansion plans. The mainstays of the economy - remittances and the outsourcing sector - are flourishing and boosting domestic consumption.

Domestic expansion

Jollibee Foods Corp, the biggest fastfood chain in the country, plans to open 200 more domestic stores this year. So does Robinsons Retail, taking its total to over 1,500. BDO Unibank Inc, the country's biggest lender, plans to open 50-100 new branches this year.

"We are supportive and encouraged by the new administration's socio-economic agenda, which has a holistic approach for the benefit of all, including JFC," said Jollibee investor relations officer Cossette Palomar.

However, the Philippines has a worrying precedent of a strongman leader.

In the 1960s, when the country had one of the highest per capita incomes in Asia, Ferdinand Marcos took over as president. Two decades of dictatorship, corruption and plunder by Marcos left the Philippines in a shambles.

"Business will be good under this administration," BDO Unibank executive vice-president Luis Reyes said of Duterte. "Concerns center more on the extra-judicial killings."

Supporters of Duterte say even as the long-term mayor of the southern city of Davao, where he earned his reputation for busting crime, he created the conditions for business to flourish.

Government data show that the Davao region's economy grew by 6.6 percent on average in 2010-14 compared with 6.3 percent for the whole country. According to one estimate, there were more than 20,000 people in outsourcing jobs in the city in 2013, and this sector was growing at more than 20 percent a year.

Duterte's reputation of carrying out his promises has given businesses plenty to look forward to - for instance his vow to make spending on infrastructure a priority.

"I believe infrastructure is going to grow very fast and it will have a double or triple effect," said Henry Schumacher of the European Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines. "Money will be available. An iron fist is going to be behind it."

Speed up, or else

In May, Duterte told the country's main telecom providers to speed up the internet, or he would junk laws that prohibit foreign competition.

Duterte's economic plan also includes lowering corporate and income taxes and a commitment to invest in education, to reap the demographic dividend of the country's young population.

About two-thirds of the Philippines' 100 million people are of working age, between 15 and 64, rising from about 56 percent of the population in 1990. In 2030, about 70 percent of the 125 million people will be of working age, the government has projected.

"This is another advantage given other neighbors in the region, most of Northeast Asia and some in Southeast Asia, have populations that are aging and are therefore facing labor supply constraints," said Euben Paracuelles, an economist at Nomura.

Still, Joanne Burgonio, a 27-year-old software analyst in Manila, said it was too early to say what a Duterte presidency would bring.

"My concern is transportation," she said, adding that she waited two hours for a bus home the previous evening.

"His focus now is (on) drug pushers, hopefully the focus will be on infrastructure. I am optimistic because whatever he promised before he was elected, he is doing." – Gulf News

Friday, August 19, 2016

2016 OLYMPICS - Pinoy archer Moreno wins Philippines first ever Olympic gold

STANDING TALL. Gabriel Moreno stands next to teammate Li Jiaman of China as they receive their gold medals. Photo from press release

NANJING, China – Young Filipino archer Gabriel Moreno made history on Sunday as he won a gold medal in the mixed team event of archery in the Nanjing Youth Olympic Games

Gabriel Moreno made history on Sunday, August 24, as he won a gold medal in the mixed team event of archery in the Nanjing Youth Olympic Games (YOG).

The 16-year-old teamed up with Chinese archer Li Jiaman and beat Cynthia Freywald (Germany) and Mohamad Zolkepeli (Malaysia) with a total score of 113-105.

This is the first time the Philippines won a gold medal in an Olympic event. The last time the Philippines placed a medal in the Olympics was in the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, where Mansueto “Onyok” Velasco won a silver medal.

Moreno earlier said that he was hopeful for a gold medal given the effort he has put in in his training.

“I want to make my country proud. I want to give the Philippine my very best,” Moreno said.

Fellow archer Bianca Gotuaco was eliminated in the elimination round of the women’s individual event on Saturday, August 23. She competed in the mixed team event with Prennoy Murong (Bangladesh) but got eliminated Friday, August 22.

GOLDEN BOY. Archer Gabriel Moreno won the Philippines' first ever Olympic gold medal. Photo from Moreno

Moreno started archery when he was 6 years old. At the age of 12, he competed in his first international archery event in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. His medals have been piling up since then.

In 2013, Moreno bested other Filipino archers in the Philippine National Games and Palarong Pambansa (National Youth Olympic Event). In the same year, he and fellow YOG delegate Bianca Gotuaco qualified in the Nanjing YOG after winning in the Taipei qualifiers.

Moreno was also the country’s flag-bearer during the Games’ opening ceremonies on August 16.

The Nanjing YOG will run until Thursday, August 28. – Rappler.com

Thursday, August 18, 2016

Philippine Economy Grow 7% in Q2 2016

Philippine Economy Grow 7% in Q2 2016. Illustration: Rappler.com

Philippines GDP grows 7% in Q2 2016

'Among the major Asian emerging economies, the Philippines likely remains the fastest or second fastest-growing economy in Q2 2016 followed by China,' says Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Ernesto Pernia

Boosted by a strong start to 2016, the Philippine economy grew 7% in the second quarter of the year.

The latest gross domestic product (GDP) figure announced by Socioeconomic Planning Secretary Ernesto Pernia on Thursday, August 18, builds on the 6.8% growth recorded in the first 3 months of the year, which made the Philippines the fastest growing economy in the region.

The government earlier recorded the first quarter economic growth at 6.9%, but the Philippine Statistics Authority later revised it to 6.8%.

Philippine Economy Grow 6.8% in Q1 2016. Illustration: Rappler.com

Thursday's announcement of the 7% growth fell within market expectation of growth between 6.5% and 7%.

"Among the major Asian emerging economies, the Philippines likely remains the fastest or second fastest-growing economy in the second quarter of 2016, followed by China, which grew by 6.7%, Vietnam by 5.6%, Indonesia by 5.2%, Malaysia by 4.0%, and Thailand by 3.5%," Pernia said.

Data for India, he added, is not yet available but some forecasts put it above 7%.

Pernia also said the latest figures give government confidence that it would be able to hit the official government target of 7-8% for the entire year of 2016.

Services and industry

The high growth recorded for the second quarter of 2016 was driven mainly by the industry and services sectors.

The services sector hit 8.4% growth, on the back of faster growth in trade, transport, communication, public administration, and real estate, renting and business activities.

The industry sector, meanwhile, recorded a growth of 6.9% compared to the 6.1% growth in the previous year, supported by manufacturing, construction, and utilities.

Foreign direct investment has also been good this year, already standing at almost $4 billion as of May, which is more than double the level seen in 2015 from the same time last year.

Dismal agriculture performance

The Director General of the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) however lamented the continued dismal performance of the agriculture sector, which was at -2.1% in the second quarter due to El Niño.

The government is "concerned" about the decline of agriculture in the last 5 straight quarters and the threat of La Niña, which is likely to intensify between August and November of this year.

Domestic demand up

Public spending remained strong in the second quarter driven by the boom in public construction and government consumption, which grew by 27.8% and 13.5%, respectively.

Private consumption also grew stronger in comparison to the previous quarter, benefiting from election spending which intensified in the final months to the elections in May.

Remittances from overseas Filipino workers, which helps fuel the consumption, also remained strong despite worries at the start of the year.

Year-to-date remittances hit P13.19 billion as of June 2016, a 3.2% increase from the P12.782 billion booked in the same period last year, according to the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP).

The BSP also kept its key interest rates steady in its latest monetary board meeting last week amid manageable inflation.

Overall, domestic demand growth accelerated to 12.3% from 12.0% in the first quarter of 2016.

External demand down

By contrast, Philippine exports suffered due to sluggish global demand, having seen 15 straight months of declining value. NEDA data showed that overall exports of goods and services continued to slow down to 6.6%, despite the 15.3% growth of services exports.

Imports of goods, on the other hand, rose to 22.9% largely due to increased purchases of capital goods and durables, which NEDA said indicates an increase of investments from firms.

Services imports remained strong at 13.3%, higher than the 10.3% in the previous quarter.

Economy on track

The April-to-June period covered the final months of former President Benigno Aquino III's administration, capping 6 years of stellar growth that helped boost the Philippines' credit ratings and end its reputation as one of the region's economic laggards.

The tail-end of the second quarter also saw President Rodrigo Duterte assume the presidency, with his economic team promising to retain the previous administration's macroeconomic policies.

The Duterte administration has promised to boost infrastructure spending and indicated that it would raise the debt ceiling to do so.

The country's new economic managers, however, have lowered full-year GDP expectations for this year to 6%-7%, from the original 6.8%-7.8% due to the effects of the tapering off of election spending, slow agricultural output due to El Niño, weak infrastructure due to seasonality, and weak external trade.

With the first semester GDP growth of 6.8%, the economy will need to grow by at least 5.1% in the second half of the year to attain at least the low-end of the growth target, Pernia pointed out.

"While it is normal to see a slowdown in the second semester during election years, and it could possibly be 1.5 to 2.0 percentage points lower than in the first half, the smooth transition of power and assurance of macroeconomic policy consistency and continuity by the new administration will likely keep business and consumer confidence strong to meet the full-year target," he said. – With a report from Agence France-Presse / Rappler.com

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Philippines' & Asia's Largest URC Took Over Australian Food Firm for $600 Million

Philippines group Universal Robina pays $600m for Kettle chips maker

Australia's second largest salty-snacks maker Snack Brands Australia has been swallowed up by Philippines food company Universal Robina, delivering a big pay-day for a group of investors who bought the business from Arnott's for a song eight years ago.

Universal Robina has agreed to pay $600 million for Snack Brands Australia and plans to take its key brands, which include Kettle Chips, CCs, Samboy, Cheezels and French Fries, into Asia, capitalising on growing demand for Western foods.

The deal comes two years after Universal Robina acquired New Zealand's largest snacks maker, Griffin's Foods, from private equity firm Pacific Equity Partners for $645 million.

With annual sales of $303 million and earnings of almost $60 million, Snack Brands accounts for close to 30 per cent of the salty snacks market and is the second largest player after Frito-Lay, which owns The Smith's Snack food Company and Red Rock Deli.

Universal Robina said the purchase price of $600 million recognized the growth potential of Snack Brands in Australia and overseas.

It intends to leverage Snack Brands' manufacturing capacity and its own distribution system to expand in Asia, while maintaining the Sydney-based business as an independent operation.

The acquisition is subject to approval by the Foreign Investment Review Board.

A positive for all

Snack Brands Australia chief executive Paul Musgrave said the acquisition was positive for the business and its staff.

"What this achieves for the business is to take Australian manufactured product, with its distinct food security advantage, into Asian markets with the benefit of an established distribution force," Mr Musgrave said.

"It means there are no intended job losses but instead a stronger growth path with a new partner and the prospects of adding new URC product categories from New Zealand to our local markets. It is also expected to be a positive for many of Snack Brands suppliers such as potato and corn growers," Mr Musgrave said.

A consortium of investors led by Mr. Musgrave acquired Snack Brands Australia in 2008 for a fraction of the price paid by biscuit maker Arnott's six years earlier.

In 2002, Arnott's made a $280 million takeover offer for the listed chip maker, which had sales around $280 million and was 32 per cent-owned by Thorney Investments, an investment company owned by Alex Waislitz, Richard Pratt's then son-in law.

But Arnott's struggled to make suitable returns from the snacks business and its US parent, Campbell Soup Co, eventually pulled the plug, hiring UBS to find a buyer. Arnott's asking price at the time was said to be $30 million.

Dipping into Aussie market

Snack Brands is the latest in a long line of Australian food manufacturers to be snapped up by Asian investors.

In April last year, Philippines food company Monde Nissin acquired family-owned dip and cracker company Menora Foods for about $55 million, a month after buying Nudie Juices for about $80 million and less than a year after outlaying $115 million for dip maker Black Swan.

Four years ago Chinese food company Bright Foods paid $500 million for Manassen Foods, while Singaporean oils and sugar company Wilmar International and Hong Kong investment company First Pacific paid $1.3 billion for Goodman Fielder in 2014.

Universal Robina is one of the largest food and beverage companies in south-east Asia, with annual sales around 109 billion pesos or $A3 billion and operations in the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong and China.

Snack Brands was advised by former UBS banker Quentin Miller's Intrinsic Partners and law firm King & Wood Mallesons.

Snack Brands has a colorful past. Once known as Dollar Sweets, in 1985 the company was at the center of an historic industrial relations dispute against the left-wing confectioner's union which launched the career of then industrial relations lawyer Peter Costello. – Fairfax Media

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Global Investors, Expats Praise Duterte's "War on Drug: 600,000 Surrendered" Give That Man A Medal!

Published at Frontera, “Six Week Assessment Of The Philippines’ Firebrand President” Peter Kohli a CEO of DMS Funds and a global investment think tank lauded Duterte’s War on Drugs citing 600,000 illegal drug peddlers and addicts surrendered. ? How absolutely refreshing he said.

I am sure many will think I am nuts or demented when I write glowingly about the new president of the Philippines. In this day and age of political correctness, it’s very refreshing to see a political leader call it as he sees it. The latest in a long line of political incorrect statements was the invective President Rodrigo Duterte’s hurled at the U.S. ambassador, and he isn’t backing down.

During the election it was very clear that most major political powers around the world were not rooting for him to win. In fact, the U.S. ambassador even inserted himself into the election, which I would think should be a no-no. In the end, it was these comments that ambassador Philip Goldberg made during the May election season that led to Duterte’s to ridicule last week. Whenever I read articles about statements positive or negative, made by political leaders, I always look at them from an investor’s point of view. Mr. Duterte comments are not any different.

So, what has happened in the Philippines since he took control in June? As the Washington Post writes in an article titled, “That time the Philippine president used a homophobic slur to describe the U.S. ambassador,” it seems to have been an intense few months. “Since Duterte took office, more than 400 suspected drug dealers have been killed, 4,400 have been arrested, and more than 600,000 people have surrendered themselves to authorities to avoid being killed.” That can’t all be bad can it? A few dead drug dealers and 600,000 surrender to the authorities to avoid being shot. Give that man a medal.

The Philippine economy has been blasting away as well with the latest GDP numbers coming in at 6.9% year-on-year, and inflation pretty much contained at 1.9%. The Philippine stock market is also up nicely as is the only Philippines focused ETF iShares MSCI Philippines (EPHE), which is up nearly 20% YTD, with the steepest rise coming after the election on May 9. However, the stock I would like to bring to the attention of investors is SM Prime Holdings (SMPH:PM). The company is the Philippines largest operator of shopping malls and retail space and is based in Pasay. Recently the company announced that net income had risen by 12% in the first half of 2016 and the stock itself is up about 40% YTD.

As the Philippine economy expands – which I believe it will under the new administration – consumer discretionary income will rise in tandem. With inflation appearing to be under control as well, consumers should spend more, thereby indirectly positively affecting the price of the stock.

It has been also among the hottest issue at the expat.com travelers’ community website when the issue about the war on drug in the Philippines whether is good or not. 99% of the expats living or working in the Philippines are in favor of Duterte’s war on Drug. They opposed the negative ideas of the travelers who have not yet visited the Philippines saying “You don’t know the Philippines yet but if you were here, you would love Duterte and the country”

In the early days of August, Mr. Duterte made a pronouncement that caught many off-guard. He ordered that the presidential plane be converted into an air ambulance, “I am comfortable with taking commercial flights and sometimes a private jet,” he said according to PhilStar.com. In addition, he also ordered the presidential yacht be converted into a floating hospital to take care of the soldiers wounded while battling terrorists. Now how many world leaders have you known to do that? How absolutely refreshing. –with sources for Expat.com and FRONTERA

Peter Kohli is the CEO of DMS Funds. As such, he manages the Firm’s operations, including index selection and fund development, and is actively involved in all of DMS Funds’ business development efforts. Peter is also an independent financial adviser/wealth manager under the name DMS Financial since 1983. Earlier, Peter held a variety of financial services-related positions, including financial planner involved in the sale of mutual funds. Peter holds a Chartered Financial Consultant (ChFC) designation from The American College (Bryn Mawr, PA) and a BA in Mathematics from The Open University (Milton Keynes, England).

Website: Peter Kohli

Peter Kohli on Twitter
Peter Kohli on LinkedIn

Saturday, August 13, 2016

US Army: Ferdinand Marcos faked 'Maharlika' & File No. 60 Invented Heroism

The story about Ferdinand Marcos’ guerilla record was first published in the 1980s, but bears retelling today so that a new generation of Filipinos may know. Ferdinand Marcos. Wikipedia

US Army: Ferdinand Marcos faked 'Maharlika'

It was in the 80s when revelations that former president Ferdinand Marcos supposedly faked his military record during the Second World War surfaced.

The U.S. Army, meanwhile, said faking claims of heroism during the war is a criminal act. - The World Tonight, ANC, August 11, 2016

File No. 60: Marcos’ invented heroism

Video

Ferdinand Marcos invented heroism and faked soldier;s Maharlika Troops

The story about Ferdinand Marcos’ guerilla record was first published in the 1980s, but bears retelling today so that a new generation of Filipinos may know

The U.S. National Archives in Washington, D.C. is home to the Philippine Archives Collection, a treasure trove of 1,401 files of the Guerrilla Unit Recognition series documenting anti-Japanese resistance in World War II.

Within that collection is File No. 60, which documents Ferdinand E. Marcos’s claim of being a guerilla leader and founder of a unit called “Ang Manga Maharlika” with thousands of men in its roster from 1942 to 1945 in Northern Luzon. Marcos later changed it to “Ang Mga Maharlika.”

Included in the file’s more than 400 pages are the findings made by the U.S. Army which, after repeated investigations, repudiated Marcos’ claim and called it a lie.

Capt. Elbert R. Curtis, who handled Marcos’s claim for recognition for the most part of July 1947 to March 1948, came to two conclusions.

One, that “Ang Mga Maharlika Unit under the alleged command of Ferdinand Marcos is fraudulent.” Two, that “inserting his name on a roster other than the United States Armed Forces in the Philippines, Northern Luzon (USAFIP, NL) roster was a malicious criminal act.”

“It is also known that Marcos has enough political prestige to bring pressure to bear where it is needed for his own personal benefit,” Curtis said.

Before the Second World War, Marcos was known for two things—his acquittal for the murder of his father's political rival Julio Nalundasan, and topping the 1939 bar exam while in jail for the crime.

In an interview with writer Gregorio Brillantes in 1968, Marcos claimed that after becoming a lawyer, he had wanted to embark on a “teaching career,” dreaming to be a professor at his alma mater, the University of the Philippines College of Law, “lecturing on some complex point of law.” Whatever his post-graduation plans really were, the war altered them.

Marcos’s exploits during World War II, real or imagined, became part of the narrative of his political career. In November 1941 he joined the army as a third lieutenant. He was with the Filipino forces in Bataan until their surrender in April 1942. With other prisoners of war, he was interred at Camp O’Donnell in Capas, Tarlac.

On August 4 the same year, he was released. There was a claim that it was due to failing health. But in his own commissioned biography, "For Every Tear a Victory" by Hartzell Spence, Marcos claimed that his mother Josefa "bribed the authorities to hasten her son’s freedom."

Not much is known of Marcos’ activities from August 4, 1942 until December 12, 1944, when he joined the 14th Infantry, USAFIP, NL. If there was any indication of what he was up to, the records in File No. 60 point to one activity: taking advantage of the war times to line his pocket.

“Ferdinand Marcos was in San Quintin, Pangasinan, two or three months prior to the landing of the American forces, soliciting funds and guerilla help to construct a landing field in the vicinity,” the report said.

“The purpose of the landing field was to allow a plane to come in and evacuate General [Manuel] Roxas. Capt. Ray C. Hunt, commanding officer of PMD, LGAF placed Marcos under arrest for collecting money under false pretense. Gen. Roxas intervened on Marcos’ behalf and had him released to his custody,” it said.

The American forces reconquered Pangasinan in January 1945. Even before Marcos started his supposed activities in Pangasinan, on July 26, 1944, he sent a request to the returning American forces “for P100,000.00 Philippine currency and P500,000.00 Japanese war notes be sent his unit for maintenance.”

Marcos claimed to have 8,300 Ang Mga Maharlika members in North Luzon, Baguio, Zambales, and Manila. The investigator curtly noted that “this is entirely theoretical as no such unit ever existed.”

When Marcos ended his active service in 1946 he claimed to have gained the rank of major. Charles C. McDougald, in his book The Marcos File contested this claim, saying “The only promotion that Marcos could actually prove by official orders was his promotion to first lieutenant. All others, in addition to being contradictory and confusing, appear spurious.”

File No. 60 started with Marcos’s August 18, 1945 letter to the adjutant general of the Philippine Army requesting “that the complete roster of ‘Ang Manga Maharlika’ be approved and this organization be given recognition.”

The roster had 1,939 purported guerillas in active duty since December 1943. Guerillas recognized by the US Army received back pay for their efforts. The longer the period of their recognized participation in the war effort, the bigger their compensation.

On December 18, 1945, Marcos followed up on his original request for recognition. He also took the opportunity to provide additional materials to buttress his claim.

With this submission, listed as item number 6 in File No. 60, is the “Ang Mga Maharlika – Its History in Brief.” It was a history that not only chronicled the past and foretold the future, but invented both points in time as well.

On June 7, 1947, a four-man military team told Marcos that based on the result of an initial investigation, his request for recognition was denied. The record of service he was claiming “was not substantiated by acceptable evidence.” The leadership, structure, effectiveness, and extent of the supposed guerilla unit were sketchy.

As for Marcos’s claim to leadership, the team said, “Performance of the unit did not indicate adequate control by its leaders because of the desertion of its commanding officer [i.e. Marcos] to join another unit.”

On July 16, 1947, Marcos, then in Washington, D.C. as member of the Philippine Veterans Commission, fired off a telegram to “strongly protest denial of recognition” and promised that he would file a formal petition.

It took him almost half a year to do this. The petition was filed on December 2, 1947. He tried to rebut the findings of the investigators point by point. His arguments ran for nine pages of single-spaced typescript with sixteen appendices. Ten of these were sworn and notarized affidavits of prominent and high-ranking military men in the newly established republic, a number of whom were also former leaders of well-known guerilla units during the war.

Listed as affiants supporting Marcos’s request for reconsideration were Brig. Gen. Macario Peralta Jr., commanding officer of the Panay guerillas; Maj. Gen. Rafael Jalandoni, chief of staff of the Armed Forces of the Philippines; Col. Vicente Umali and Col. Primitivo San Agustin Jr. of the President Quezon’s Own Guerilla; Maj. Leopoldo Guillermo, signal officer of the East Central Luzon Guerilla Area; Maj. Salvador Abcede of the Negros Guerillas; Consul-General Modesto Farolan of the Philippine Consulate at Hawaii; Col. Margarito Torralba, Armed Forces of the Philippines; and Narciso Ramos, minister-counselor of the Philippine Embassy in Washington, DC. (to be continued)

The Third World Studies Center is making public File No. 60. Read it here.

[Joel Ariate and Miguel Paolo Reyes are researchers at the Third World Studies Center, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philippines Diliman. Judith Camille E. Rosette provided research assistance in writing this article. The digital copy of File No. 60 came from Ricardo T. Jose, Ph.D., the center’s director and UP professor of history, recently named the UP Alumni Association’s Distinguished Alumnus Awardee in Historical Scholarship and Research for 2016. VERA Files is put out by senior journalists taking a deeper look at current issues] Sources: ABS-CBN News S1, S2

Friday, August 12, 2016

Japan to fund Philippines' $2.4 Billion USD Loan for MRT 7 Bulacan Railway Project

Japan to fund $2.4 bn railway in Philippines

Manila (AFP) - Japan on Friday announced it is pouring a massive $2.4 billion into a new railway in the Philippines aimed at easing Manila's notorious gridlock.

Japan, the Philippines' top trading partner and source of aid, said the 38-kilometre (24-mile) elevated commuter line would connect Manila to nearby Bulacan province to decongest the capital and help spur economic activity.

"This is one of the biggest projects Japan has ever embarked upon using the yen loan," Masato Ohtaka, deputy press secretary for Japan's foreign ministry, told reporters in Manila.

"Railways are one of our fortes ... We sympathize with the Filipinos that this is a project that needs to be done very, very quickly."

Ohtaka said Japan was also open to building a railway in the southern region of Mindanao, a project Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte had previously said China offered to fund.

The Philippines has sought to strengthen ties with former World War II foe Japan as it faces a tense maritime dispute with Beijing over the South China Sea.

The railway was among the topics visiting Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida discussed with Duterte on Thursday in the southern city of Davao.

Duterte, who assumed office on June 30, has said reducing traffic congestion and fixing the deteriorating transport system are priorities for his administration.

Philippine Railway System

Manila's traffic problems cost the Philippines an estimated $64 million a day in 2015, a Japanese-funded study found.

In Manila, railway commuters endure long lines and overcrowding is common in trains that sometimes stop between stations or even overshoot their tracks.

Duterte has even declined invitations for engagements in Manila, saying he wants to avoid worsening the congestion.

The Japanese loan is for the Philippine transportation department, payable over 40 years, though Ohtaka did not give a timeline for the project.

Japan is also donating coast guard vessels and leasing aircraft to boost the Philippines' weak military and maritime capabilities.

Japan faces a separate dispute with China over uninhabited islets in the East China Sea.

Philippine foreign secretary Perfecto Yasay said Thursday Manila and Tokyo shared the same experience of dealing with Beijing's "intimidation" at sea.

Yasay and Kishida urged Beijing to observe the rule of law after an international tribunal rejected its claims to most of the South China Sea. - AFP

The Philippines' renewable energy sector is booming (and it could get bigger)

Solar panels at the roof deck of a mall in Manila.. Noel Celis | AFP | Getty Images

The Philippines's transformation into a unlikely regional powerhouse in renewable energy hasn't been easy.

Juan Miguel Zubiri, a Philippine senator who authored the Renewable Energy Act of 2008, laughingly describes how the Bureau of Internal Revenue wanted to pick a fight with him when the Act was passed because of its generous incentives.

These included an income tax holiday for the first seven-years of commercial operations, low corporate tax of 10 percent for the subsequent 25 years, duty-free import of machinery and zero value added tax (VAT).

"So I said "you know what, it will come back to the economy anyway"," Zubiri says.

"I'm very proud to say that since we passed the law in 2008, from what used to be just 22 renewable energy projects, we now have 406 projects, either already built or being constructed," he says.

"In the last four years, we produced about 3 million jobs for engineers, construction workers all over the country. It's a booming industry."

Long reliant on fossil fuels, The Philippines now meets over a third of its energy needs through renewable sources.

The frenetic growth has attracted the attention of investors including David Russell, the chief executive officer of Equis, Asia's largest independent infrastructure fund manager. The company has commissioned the largest solar farm in Southeast Asia in Cadiz City.

Video

Inside Southeast Asia’s Biggest Solar Farm. Video: CNBC

"In the Philippines we've seen over last couple of years, over 1100 megawatts of renewable energy, just in the wind and solar space installed. That's about two billion dollars just flying into what was an industry that didn't exist till three years ago," Russell says.

"What we're seeing going forward is, over the next ten years, and expectation that that market will grow by about 20 times," he adds.

Still, the growing push towards cleaner energy hasn't been come without detractors.

Some complain that the country's feed-in tariff, offered as an incentive for developers of clean energy projects, actually made electricity in the archipelago more expensive.

"We have been subsidizing renewable energy," says George Chua, President of the Federation of Philippine Industries. Chua says as rates for clean energy projects are locked in for 20 years, users in the country won't be able to enjoy the fall in prices, even if renewable energy technology gets cheaper.

"We're not against renewable energy, but why do we need to go into technologies that are not fully developed? We could wait a few more years when they become commercially viable," Chua says.

A windmill located in Bangui, Ilocos Norte, Philippines. Pedro Gerardo San Diego Silo | Getty Images

However, 23-year old Leandro Leviste, founder of Solar Philippines is convinced that renewable energy, particularly solar, can be an affordable source of energy for the Philippines today, even without subsidies.

"The cost of electricity in the Philippines is twice the cost as it is other countries, while the cost of a solar panel is the same cost here as it is in other countries. You take the solar panel costs in other countries, put them here, and solar is just significantly cheaper than even coal," Leviste says.

"I think that it's just obvious, that solar is in fact going to disrupt the entire power industry in Philippines, which is the most expensive and inefficient in Asia," he says.

Leviste's company already has a solar farm in Batangas province, and wants to prove solar energy's viability by building a new 150 megawatt solar farm in the north of Manila, by the first quarter of next year.

"The solar farm will have batteries, to smoothen the output of intermittent renewable energy plants, and it will be cheaper than coal. Our claim is that, rather than strapping our country's energy supplies to 20 more years of dirty fossil fuel, we have a cleaner alternative," he said

Zubiri, who recently returned to the Philippine senate after his resignation in 2011, wants to continue to push his green agenda in his next six years in office.

"After a few years of its actual implementation, we see a lot of bottlenecks for the developers and the consumers. There are agencies with overlapping functions, so coming back as a senator, I'm going to look at the amendments to the law, or to the rules and regulations, because there's still a lot of tweaking that can be done," he says. - CNBC

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

Pres. Duterte Threaten to Declare Martial Law to Inexperienced DOJ Chief Justice Seneno on War on Drug Otiosity

DUTERTE'S WARNING. President Rodrigo Duterte reacts angrily to a letter from Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno raising concern over his drug list. File photo by Presidential Photographers Division

Duterte to Sereno: Want me to declare martial law?

Duterte warns the Supreme Court: 'Do not create a crisis because I will order everybody in the executive department not to honor you'

MANILA, Philippines – President Rodrigo Duterte took offense with Chief Justice Maria Lourdes Sereno's letter, saying he did not appreciate being "ordered" around by the Supreme Court.

Duterte said, if Sereno does not appreciate his methods in purging the country of drugs, would she rather he declared martial law?

"If this continues, pigilan mo ako eh 'di sige 'pag nagwala na, or would you rather I declare martial law? Pinapatay ang Pilipino. I grieve for so many women raped, men killed, infants raped tapos ipitin mo ako," said a visibly agitated Duterte on Tuesday, August 9.

(If this continues, you try to stop me and all hell breaks loose, or would you rather I declare martial law? Filipinos are being killed. I grieve for so many women raped, men killed, infants raped, then you put me against a corner.)

Video

Duterte warns the Supreme Court: 'Do not create a crisis because I will order everybody in the executive department not to honor you'

He was speaking to troops in Camp Evangelista in Cagayan de Oro City.

His words were in response to Sereno's letter in which she raised concern over the "premature public announcement" of names of judges allegedly with drug links. (READ: FULL TEXT: Sereno's letter to President Duterte)

She told Duterte that she had advised judges not to surrender to the police unless presented with a warrant of arrest.

But Duterte seemed to think she was also asking him for a warrant of arrest for the "600,000" drug personalities who, he said, had surrendered to law enforcement agencies.

"Madam Chief Justice, you must be joking. Dalawa tayo abugado, kayong lahat sa Supreme Court (We are both lawyers, also all those in the Supreme Court). Do you know how long it would take government to secure a warrant of arrest?" he said.

To secure a warrant for hundreds of thousands of people "would take forever," allowing them to continue with their trade or addiction.

"In the meantime, 'yung bangag ano'ng gawin mo? (What will you do with those high on drugs?) Let them resume their criminal activities?" he said, adding that judges "are not the ones guarding the streets."

Duterte also said Sereno did not get it when she pointed out that some of the judges in his list didn't even handle drug cases.

He claimed that the judges referred the drug suspects they were protecting to judges with jurisdiction over their cases.

"Kung judge, he was not handling drug cases? Ma'am nagkamali ka, akala ko ba, to be there you must be seasoned? Takbo niyan, 'Pare, tawag mo 'yung kaibigan mong judge,'" said Duterte.

(As to the judges, he was not handling drug cases? Ma'am, you're wrong, I thought to be there you must be seasoned? The way it goes is: "Friend, call your judge friend.")

He told Sereno: "Do not force the issue. I respect your comments, but it is a rigmarole to me."

He warned the Supreme Court that if they order him around, he would instruct the entire executie department not to "honor" the body, the highest court in the land.

"Do not create a crisis because I will order everybody in the executive department not to honor you. Ito prangkahan, kasi nakialam kayo (I'm being frank, because you meddled)," he said.

"Just because you are the Supreme Court, you order me? I will not follow you," he added.

He repeated his promise to investigate mysterious killings and insisted he has ordered the military and police to save lives and not kill.

"I will order the military and the police to save lives. I'm not saying they should kill them. But in the meantime you’re projecting your theories there, there is crime on the streets," said Duterte

Who is powerful in the Phil Govt. System?

The Government of the Philippines has three interdependent branches: the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch. The powers of the branches are vested by the Constitution of the Philippines in the following: Legislative power is vested in the two-chamber Congress of the Philippines—the Senate is the upper chamber and the House of Representatives is the lower chamber.

Though the 3 branches are interdependent of the same power, the Executive branch is headed by the President of the Republic of the Philippines which is elected by the people as the head of the land while the Judicial Branch headed by the Chief Justice is just appointed by the President and the Legislative bodies are composed of the Senate and the house of representative which are also elected by the people.  – With source from Rappler.com

Sunday, August 7, 2016

2nd Batch VIDEO & Name List: President Duterte names 150 Philippine lawmakers, Judges, Police Officers linked to drugs trade within 24 hours or ..

SOLELY RESPONSIBLE. President Rodrigo Duterte takes full responsibility for the listing and revalidation of the list of personalities linked to illegal drugs. Screenshot from PTV4

Rama, other officials in PH named 'drug protectors'

President Rodrigo Duterte named former Cebu City Mayor Mike Rama as one of the drug protectors during his speech at the Naval Forces Eastern Mindanao (NFEM) Multi-Purpose Covered Court in Camp Panacan, Davao.

In his Facebook post around 4 a.m., Rama said "the news that my name was mentioned by President Duterte is saddening."

"Even how untrue this accusation is, should this be the way and the necessary step to win the war against drugs, I will fully cooperate with the authorities to immediately clear my name and we trust that we will be given the opportunity to present our side and prove our innocence. My unwavering support for President Duterte's campaign will continue. My family and I have always been law-abiding citizens and have been very clear about our stand against drugs. May justice prevail and the truth set us free. God bless Cebu and God bless the Philippines," he added.

Also named was former Cebu Intelligence Branch chief Superintendent Romeo Santander, among other police officials in the country.

Also included in the list read by Duterte was Daanbantayan, Cebu Mayor Vicente Loot, who earlier denied involvement in the illegal drug trade.

Loot retired from the Philippine National Police last July 2015 after 37 years of service, and was elected mayor of Daanbantayan last May 9 by a margin of seven votes.

"These names have been validated and re-validated." Duterte said.

"If there is a rule, a law, either you enforce it or none at all. If di ko basahin dahil kaibigan ko kayo, ang pinakamabuti kong magawa is mag resign," he added.

Listed below are the current and former officials named by Duterte:

See video

SOLELY RESPONSIBLE. President Rodrigo Duterte takes full responsibility for the listing and revalidation of the list of personalities linked to illegal drugs. Video from PTV4 and CNN Philippines

LUZON (North Philippines) 17 [4 Judges, 13 Mayor and Ex-Mayor, 0 Congressmen/ Board member]

JUDGES

1.    Judge Mupas of Dasmarinas Cavite

2.    Judge Reyes (only known) - Baguio City

3.    Judge Rene Gonzales – MTC (Metropolitan Trial Court – Manila)

4.    Judge Exequiel Dagala – MTC (Metropolitan Trial Court – Manila)

MAYORS, VICE-MAYORS

1.    Mayor Reynaldo Flores - Naguilian, La Union

2.    Mayor Dante Garcia - Tubao, La Union

3.    Mayor Martin De Guzman - Bauang, La Union

4.    Mayor Marjorie Apel Salazar - Lasam, Cagayan

5.    Mayor Goto Violago - San Rafael, Bulacan

6.    Mayor Marino Morales - Mabalacat, Pampanga

7.    Mayor Felix Castillo - Langiden, Abra

8.    Ex-Mayor Eufranio Eriguel - Agoo, La Union

9.    Mayor Jesus Celeste "Alias Boying" - Bolinao, Pangasinan

10. Mayor Jose "Pepe" Miranda - Santiago City, Isabela

11. Mayor Vicente Amante - San Pablo City, Laguna

12. Mayor Ryan Dolor - Bauan, Batangas

13. Vice Mayor Edgardo Trinidad - El Nido, Palawan

VISAYAS (Central Philippines) 19 [3 Judges, 14 Mayor and Ex-Mayor, 2 Congressmen/ Board member]

JUDGES

1.    Judge Savilo - RTC branch 13 Iloilo City

2.    Judge Casiple - Kalibo, Aklan (Western Visayas)

3.    Judge Navidad - RTC Calbayog City (Eastern Visayas)

MAYORS, VICE-MAYORS

1.    Mayor Julius Ronald Pacificador - Hamtic, Antique (Western Visayas)

2.    Mayor Jed Mabilog - Iloilo City

3.    Mayor Sigfredo Betita - Carles, Iloilo

4.    Mayor Mariano Malones - Maasin, Iloilo

5.    Ex-Mayor Michael Rama - Cebu City

6.    Mayor Hector Ong - Laoang, Northern Samar

7.    Mayor Rolando Espinosa - Albuera, Samar

8.    Mayor Beda Canamaque - Basay, Negros Oriental

9.    Ex-Mayor Madeline Ong - Laoang, Northern Samar

10. Vice Mayor Francis Ansing Amboy - Maasin, Iloilo

11. Fralz Sabalones - San Fernando Cebu

12. Antonio Pesina - Iloilo City

13. Erwin "Tongtong" Plagata - Iloilo City

14. Mayor Alex Centena - Calinog, Iloilo

CONGRESSMEN, BOARD MEMBER

1.    Ex-Congressman JC Rahman Nava – Guimaras (Western Visayas)

2.    Party-list Rep. Jeffrey Celis (Panay Island, Western Visayas)

MINDANAO (South Philippines) 29 [1 Judges, 26 Mayor and Ex-Mayor, 2 Congressmen/ Board member]

JUDGES

1.    Judge Dapa – Siargao  (Northeastern Mindanao)

MAYORS, VICE-MAYORS

2.    Ex-Mayor Abubakar Abdukarim Afdal - Labangan, Zamboanga del Sur

3.    Mayor Gamar Ahay Janihim - Sirawai, Zamboanga del Norte

4.    David Navarro - Pagadian City, Zamboanga del Sur

5.    Bobby Alingan - Kolambugan, Lanao del Norte

6.    Yusofa Monder Bugong Ramin - Iligan City, Lanao del Norte

7.    Jessie Aguilera - Alegria, Surigao del Norte

8.    Mayor Fahad Salic - Marawi City

9.    Mayor Mohammad Ali Abenal - Marantao, Lanao del Sur

10. Jamal Dadayan - Buadiposo-Buntong, Lanao del Sur

11. Sabdullah Macabago - Saguiaran, Lanao del Sur

12. Muslim Aline Macadatu - Lumbatan, Lanao del Sur

13. Rasul Sangki - Ampatuan, Maguindanao

14. Montaser Sabal - Talitay, Maguindanao

15. Vicman Montawal - Datu Montawal, Maguindanao

16. Samsudin Dimaukom - Datu Saudi Ampatuan, Maguindanao

17. Norodin Salasal - Datu Salibo, Maguindanao

18. Ex-Mayor Benahar Tulawie - Talipao, Sulu

19. Reynaldo Parojinog - Ozamiz City

20. Nova Princess Parojinog Echavez - Ozamiz City

21. Mayor Omar Solitario Ali - Marawi City

22. Vice Mayor Abdul Wahab Sabal - Talitay, Magundanao

23. Otto Montawal - Datu Montawal, Maguindanao

24. Nida Dimagkon - Datu Saudi Ampatuan, Maguindanao

25. Arafat Salic - Marawi City

26. Rasmiyah Macabago - Saguiaran, Lanao del Sur

CONGRESSMEN, BOARD MEMBER

1.    Congressman Guillermo Romarate Jr. - 2nd District, Surigao del Norte

2.    Former board member Ricardo Parojinog - Misamis

LAW ENFORCERS 95 [95 Generals, Senior Police Officers & Police Officers]

1.    P/Insp. Rolando Batulayan (ret.)

2.    P/Supt. Maristelo Manalo - PNP-CIDG

3.    PCI Roberto Palisoc - Station 7 MPD

4.    P/Supt. Ciceron Ada (ret.)

5.    PCI Eric Buenaventura - Navotas

6.    PO2 Geraldine Bautista Manuel - PNP PRO2

7.    SPO3 Ronald Calap - Isabela PPO

8.    POC Rodel Samoledo - Lalio Police Station

9.    PO3 Cecilio Domingo - Nueva Ecija CIDT

10. PO2 Ryan Mendoza - Tarlac Police Station

11. Jeffrey Serafica - Butuan PPO

12. PO1 Norman Adarlo - Puerto Galera NPS

13. Mark Canete - RSRPSB MIMAROPA

14. PO1 Mark Christian Catalina - PNP Camarines Norte

15. PO2 Alan Carpio PCP - 8 Pasay City

16. PO3 Eric Lazo - QCPD Station 6

17. PO3 Alexander Macabeo - PCP 3 Paranaque City

18. PO3 Johnny Mahilum - QCPD Station 6 Batasan

19. PO2 Celito Melendrez - Binangonan Police Station

20. Gen. Vicente Loot (ret.)

21. Gen. Valerio (ret.) - Santa Barbara, Iloilo

22. Gen. Bernardo Diaz - Region 6

23. Gen. Idio - RTC of Calbayog City

24. P/Supt. Floro (ret.) - Antique City PNP

25. P/Supt. Kashmir Disomangcop - COP of Iloilo Base Commander

26. P/Supt. Delia Paz - Chief RDIDM

27. P/Supt. Genepa - RIU Intelligence

28. P/Supt. Ipil Duenas

29. P/Supt. Condag

30. P/Supt. Eugenio Malic - PNP Maritime Group

31. Lamsis - former chief Antique anti-drug

32. P/Supt. Gomboc

33. P/Supt. Lebin

34. PCI Maymay

35. PSI Kenneth Militar - Iloilo

36. PSI Donasco

37. P/Insp. De Jose - SOG PNP Region 6

38. P/Insp. Duarte - former PCOP of Arevalo, Iloilo

39. P/Insp. Vicente Vicente - COP Banate

40. P/Insp. Romeo Santander - Former chief intel Cebu

41. PO2 Michael Cortez - Barile Police Station

42. SPO1 Jen dela Victoria - PS5 Cebu CPO

43. SPO1 Onel Nabua - Barile Police Station

44. PO2 Jomar Ibanez - Lapu-Lapu Police Station

45. PO3 Ryan Martus Kiamco - Cebu Provincial Office

46. PCI Ibrahim Jabiran - Zamboanga CPO

47. PCI Perfecto Abrasaldo Awi Jr. - Misamis Oriental

48. P/Insp. Roy Montes - Iligan PRO

49. P/Supt. Ricardo Gando Pulot - COP Quezon Bukidnon

50. P/Insp. Martin Plaza - former Panabo chief intel

51. PO1 Pierre Dizo - Zamboanga del Sur

52. PO3 Omar Juani - Zamboanga City Public Safety

53. Rommel Mansul - PRO9

54. PO3 Daryl Page - Tabasan Municipal Station

55. SPO1 Totong Joe Valdez - 9th RNG

56. SPO4 Rodrigo Ramos - Bukidnon PRO

57. SPO1 Reynaldo dela Victoria - CDO

58. SPO3 Emilio Mendoza - Lozaria PP5 Iligan City

59. Marlo Espinosa - Bukidnon

60. SPO3 Richie Mat - CIDG Mati Davao Oriental

61. SPO3 Rosell Iliviera - CIDG Tagum Davao del Norte

62. PO3 Jessie Balabag - Region 11

63. PO3 Filomeno Toronia - Digos Police Station

64. PO1 Glenn Alicarte - PRO 12

65. PO1 Philip Pantarolia - Tacurong City Police Office

66. SPO1 Gerry dela Rosa - SCPPO

67. PO3 Bebot Ruiz - GSCPO

68. PO3 Estelito Solanio - Malongon MPS Sarangani

69. PO1 Jerebel Ocsio - PRO RMN

70. SPO1 Ernesto Billones - NCR

71. JS1 Lito Montemayor - Roxas District Jail Aparri

72. PO1 Vicente Reynaldo Celis - NCR

73. PG Drexel Saet - MIMAROPA

74. SPO1 Felix Tubil - Region 3

75. SPO3 Nicolas Ponce Angeles - Region 3

76. SPO2 Rod Erseni - Marinduque BFP

77. FO1 Reynaldo Valencia - Claveria Police Station

78. SSgt. Vic dela Cruz - MIMAROPA

79. B/Gen. Leoncio Daniega - NCR

80. SPO3 Gerry Mendoza - NCR

81. Reymante Dayto - Region 5

82. Reymar Dayto - Region 5

83. Renato Zamora - Region 6

84. J1 Alan Manatad - Region 7

85. SPO3 Christie Cielo Tingad - Region 7

86. RSAD Casimiro Castro - CAFGU 38IB 6ID ARMM

87. RSAD Pfc. Philip Miro - 40IB 6ID ARMM

88. Cpl. Cusinan Lopez - 52IB ARMM

89. Pfc. Mamadali Ipad - 64IB 6ID

90. Yasin Abolgalib

91. JO1 Alfredo Ogacho

92. FO1 Nicolas Ponce Ablaca

93. FO1 Ricardo Ibanez

94. Marine Cpl. Alfrenz Gurias Abedin

95. Jimmy Manlangit - Region 12

After naming some of the officials, Duterte said, "All policemen, PNP personnel assigned as security guards, security personnel ng mayor I have mentioned, you are hereby relieved of your duty and immediately report to your mother unit. Tatanggalin ko na ang operational authority over them."

He also ordered the cancellation of any and all of their firearms licenses and permits effective Sunday, August 7.

He said that he could be wrong, but stressed that he is ready to face the consequences. He said he has to tell the public about what is happening in the country according to his mandate.

"I take full responsibility. Any mistake of the military and police, ako yung responsable. I ordered them to do the listing," Duterte said, reiterating that he is putting at stake his honor, life and even the presidency.

"Hindi ko kayo kalaban. Wala kayong atraso sa akin, pero galit na ako ngayon," he added.

Duterte ordered the executive officials he named to report directly to him, while those police officials should report to Philippine National Police chief Director General Ronald dela Rosa, and the justices to the Supreme Court within 24 hours.

"If you will not report within 24 hours, I will order the entire police and military to hunt you," said Duterte.

He mentioned about 100 names of politicians, policemen, soldiers and judges in Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao as drug protectors. He said he will name next the prosecutors allegedly involved.

"The other names are ongoing re-validation," he said.

Duterte said there are currently 600,000 drugs users and pushers who surrendered.

"Bakit tayo umaabot sa ganitong magnitude? Because the government personnel were into drugs," the President said.

He also told police and military personnel in his list that they are "administratively dead" and that they must report to their mother units within 24 hours.

Former mayor Rama underwent a drug test in October last year and results yielded negative. In 2014, Rama refused to undergo a surprise drug test at City Hall after he was accused of using illegal drugs. (Sunnex)

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